Floors, walls and roofs – very important parts of all buildings. Find out about four of key job roles in building construction.
There are different types of floor layers, but all of them measure, mark, cut, shape and install floor coverings and finishes, either by hand or using power tools.
As a floor layer, you might be laying flooring for domestic, industrial or commercial property. Each of these will require skills with different materials, such as carpet, vinyl, laminate, wood and resin flooring.
There are no formal qualification requirements for this role but maths is an important skill in this craft as there’s a lot of measuring and calculating involved. You’ll also need to be skilled in using cutting instruments safely.
You can begin your career and gain the skills that you need as a floor layer through an apprenticeship.
Average starting salaries are between £14,000 and £16,000 but senior or master floorers can earn in the region of £33,000 and if you work on a self-employed basis you would set your own rates.
You might guess correctly that bricklayers lay bricks, stone, and building blocks to construct and repair walls, foundations, partitions, arches and other structures. They also cut and shape bricks, construct arches and do ornamental brickwork.
Bricklaying is a highly skilled job which involves working with a variety of materials including marble, slate and granite and bricklayers are in demand.
Although the workforce is only expected to grow by 2.2 per cent between now and 2024, lots of bricklayers will be retiring, creating another 20,500 job openings.
Bricklaying is a physically demanding job and you’d work outdoors a lot, sometimes at the weekend when you need to. Bricklayers tend to work as part of a team, so enjoying working with others is important.
English and maths GCSEs are important and getting a construction skills certification scheme card or equivalent will be necessary. You could access the career through an apprenticeship or by completing a college course in bricklaying.
The average starting salary of a bricklayer is £15,000
All buildings need ventilation but we all also want to be warm without spending a fortune on our heating. This is where the draught proofer comes in. Draught proofers identify and fix draughts in everything from individual homes to schools and other large buildings.
Draught proofers track down where air is leaking from buildings, whether this is from a door, floorboards, skirting boards, a loft hatch, window, cat flap or keyhole and they fix the problem with specialist tools and draught proofing.
There are no formal qualification requirements, although there are some specialist vocational qualifications that you could study for. Normally, you would be trained by working under the supervision of someone experienced in the trade.
Labour market information indicates that the construction industry will need 55,480 specialist construction operatives, including draught proofers between now and 2024. The average starting salary is between £12,000 and £17,000, rising to about £25,000 with experience.
It goes without saying that as a roofing operative you would need to be happy working outdoors and at height.
There are lots of different type of roofing operative, all of whom need to abide by health and safety guidelines and who cut and shape materials.
You could work as a sheeting roofer, making buildings waterproof using lightweight materials; a slater or tiler; a hard metal and cladding roofer or felt roofer to name just a few.
There are NVQs available is this specialist area, although no formal qualifications are required. You could take a look at the Roofing Industry Alliance website to find out more about qualifying.
According to labour market data jobs are projected to grow by 2.2 per cent between now and 2024, and 26 per cent of the workforce is expected to retire, creating 13,200 job openings.
The average starting salary for a roofer is £12,000, rising to £32,000 for senior roofers.
According to research from the Construction Industry Training Board (CITB), achieving a vocational qualification can add up to 25 per cent to a construction worker’s salary.
You can find out about lots of qualifications that are useful for a career in construction as well as apprenticeships at www.goconstruct.org