It’s really hard to decide what career you might want to do. Why not consider what jobs will be in demand in the future?
There are lots of experts who dedicate time to analysing the future labour market, taking into account the technological developments that are taking place, considering how these will affect jobs in the workplace and other factors, such as the population and also what is known as replacement need, which is where there is expected to be a demand for employees based on people retiring.
Deciding what career you want in the future
It’s a good idea to learn at least a little of what these experts predict so that you can combine this information with other things, such as what you like doing and what your strengths and weaknesses are to prepare well and make good choices about what you study.
The UKCES (UK Commission for Employment and Skills) combines expert information from employers of all sizes, trade unions and the voluntary sector. It uses this information to produce publically available reports like the Working Futures report on what you might expect the labour market to be like in the future.
Highly skilled jobs in the future
Managers, professionals and associate professionals qualified to just below degree level are all expected to continue to grow.
What this means
It means that workers with highly developed / advanced skills and qualifications above level three will be in demand.
Entry level jobs
Entry level jobs refer to the lowest point that you can enter into an industry and these jobs often allow for great progression within a company as you develop skills and experience and perhaps gain some qualifications whilst employed.
Care, leisure and hospitality careers
The care, leisure, service occupations and hospitality sectors are all expected to see high demand for workers at entry level. All of these occupations include working with people and therefore communication skills are going to be needed. There are a great many apprenticeships in health and social care, retail and hospitality available which provide a good entry point for careers in the industry.
Even where industries are predicted to decline there will still be jobs
Some industries are predicted to decline, such as manufacturing. However, because of the number of workers expected to leave the industry due to things like retirement, this decline does not automatically mean that there will not be job opportunities.
One thing that you ought to think about, although it isn’t the only thing because lots of people are more than happy to move to another area for a career that they love, is the labour market in particular regions. This varies and where one area may have a shortage of workers in say digital careers, another may not have a huge need for these workers but may instead have a great demand for people in the financial sector or education.
Top five careers for the future
Based solely on predicted job opportunities, these are our top five careers for the future:
- Medical and healthcare related careers; that includes, Doctors, nurses , care workers and dentists
- Business careers; including, business development managers and project managers
- IT related careers; including, IT specialists, cyber security experts, programmers and software developers
- Careers in finance, which include: financial project managers, financial investment and advisory roles, and chartered accountants.
- Education careers, in particular, secondary and primary school teachers, but also teaching assistants.
What new jobs might exist in the future?
One way to carve yourself a cool opportunity for the future is to think about the way that things like technology are shaping the way we travel, work and live and also to think out the way that technology may be applied to things like the population, for example to deal with the fact that people are living longer. This way, you can make sure that you prepare yourself with the skills that will be needed and an understanding of how working practice might be different in the future.
Some examples of potential future careers
Technology in care working roles
As technology advances, and the aging population increases we are likely to see roles come into existence in the development of new monitoring technologies which allow remote observation of care home or at home elderly people.
Environmental energy jobs
Environmental roles are likely to grow in many areas – from policy advisory roles in general to sector specific environmental roles as the demand to balance environmental issues and needs with things like design and construction / manufacturing.
Mobile app development jobs
In all areas app development is likely to grow and apps are already in development within the healthcare sector. Another area of growth might be in the power industry, with homeowners using apps to control their heating systems for example as the internet of things becomes a real possibility.
Renewable energy roles
Just as there is likely to be a demand for environmental roles, there is likely to be a growth in jobs in renewable energy technologies, installation and maintenance as we move away from non-renewable energy sources and search for new ways to provide people and businesses with the energy that they need.
Data and security jobs
With the advent of cloud computing, cloud solutions will become more important in order to protect data. In addition, cyber security is a huge growth area and, what is known as white-hat hacking is fast becoming a widely available area of higher educational study as well as apprenticeships having been developed which include roles such as cyber intrusion analyst and cyber security technologist.
Social media and digital marketing roles
Social media is a fast-growing tool for marketing and PR and roles that specialise in using this medium together with SEO (search engine optimisation) roles are set to grow in the near future. In addition, data analysts do and will increasingly play a big part in all areas of employment across both the public and the private sectors
Do you want to work in the public or private sector?
You may have come across the terms private and public sector but you may not know what they mean.
Working in the private sector
People who work in the private sector work for organisations that are privately owned. This means that they are not owned or run by the government.
Working in the public sector