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Engineering Careers, Jobs and Qualifications

Which kind of engineering do you want to do – mechanical, electrical, chemical or civil engineering? Read on to find out the difference…

Engineering is vitally important to the automotive, space, aeronautical, construction and defence sectors but engineers are involved to some degree in most major industries. You can go for a career in engineering regardless of whether you enter as a school leaver via an apprenticeship scheme or as an engineering graduate.

mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering

This is the branch of engineering which deals with machines, mechanical systems and their design, construction, manufacture and maintenance.  Jobs in this area include mechanical engineer, automotive engineer and aerospace engineer.

Chemical engineering

Chemical engineers turn raw materials into stuff we use every day, like fuel, plastics and food. If you enjoy in-depth research and solving problems, chemical engineering could be the career for you.

Studying chemical engineering could take you down a career pathway into all sorts of jobs. It plays an important part in the food industry for example, in crop growing and food production and preservation – think about ready meals, tinned foods, pre-packaged and long-life products – they all need to go through rigorous tests before they can be sold to the public.

Pharmaceutical engineering

This is vitally important in the field of medicine – think of all those pills and potions which need to be very precisely formulated and tested before they are allowed anywhere near a chemist’s shop or doctors surgery.

Food engineering

Providing solutions to food design, manufacturing and supply, food engineering fuses food science with engineering disciples.  Food engineering covers a variety of areas including mechanical engineering, manufacturing systems, process control, energy efficiency and food safety.

As a food engineer you would be part of a team who deliver innovative and high quality products globally.  Working from research and design through to packaging and transportation, food engineers apply the mechanical engineering study of structures, systems performance, and how fluids behave to safely and efficiently produce food and drink.

Electronic or electrical engineering

An electrical engineer is someone who designs, develops and tests electrical equipment. They can work with all sorts of electronic devices, from smart phones to supercomputers.

Electrical engineers can also be involved in designing telecommunications and power systems as well as utilising electricity to transmit energy. Electrical engineers can also design household appliances, lighting and wiring systems in buildings, electrical power stations and satellite communications.

Civil engineering

Civil engineers develop and improve the services and facilities we use and the infrastructures  we rely on every day, including buildings, roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage treatment systems. Related subjects to this sector are: Structural engineering (design of structures to withstand stresses and pressures imposed through environmental conditions and human use) and Architectural engineering (sometimes referred to as ‘building engineering’, the application of engineering principles and technology to building design and construction).

Marine engineering

Being a marine engineer involves designing, building, servicing and repairing boats, ships, underwater crafts and offshore platforms and equipment.  You can work for private companies, the Ministry of Defence, the Merchant Navy or the Royal Navy.

You can find additional information relating to engineering on the SEMTA website and we have some great articles below.

Interview With An Applications Design Engineer

applications design engineer

Darren joined Thermacore Europe as an apprentice. Eight years on, he’s an applications design engineer at Thermacore’s European headquarters. Find out how Darren found his way to a career that he loves. At 16 I did a two year A-level programme focused on engineering. After this though, I had a couple of different jobs which I didn’t really enjoy. I ... Read More »

Manufacturing And Engineering Career Paths

By choosing manufacturing and engineering career paths, you could work in anything from aerospace, to music, biotechnology, film, or food and drink. Demand for skilled workers in engineering and manufacturing is high, so following a manufacturing and engineering career path  is well worth considering. Manufacturing and Engineering Careers in the UK Engineering accounts for a quarter of all UK turnover. ... Read More »

New And Unusual Apprenticeships

what level apprenticeship

There are some new and unusual apprenticeships well worth considering. Apprenticeships are nothing new. In fact they are very, very old really and have always represented a way of training up staff, let’s take a look at some of your questions about apprenticeships as well as a few of the newly approved standards. Can I still get a degree if ... Read More »

Industrial designer? What’s one of those and what’s the job all about?

industrial design

Ever wondered, ‘How was this object designed and made?’ If the answer is yes, why not have a look at what is involved in a career as an industrial designer. What does an industrial designer do? An industrial designer, also known as a product designer, researches, designs, invents and creates objects that are functional but which also have to be ... Read More »

Best job roles in the engineering industry

study options for an engineering career

Take a look at six less well-known job roles you could choose from in the big, wide world of engineering. Aerospace engineering  Aerospace engineering and aeronautical engineering involve the research, design, development and testing of aircraft, missiles, weapons systems, satellites and space vehicles as well as components and related instruments. Aerospace and aeronautical engineers also consider things such as the ... Read More »

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